Site and Water Guidelines

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S.12 Transportation Impacts Reduction

Reduce negative land development impacts on energy, and pollution caused by transportation. Reduce dependence on the automobile, reduce the amount of pavement impacting natural systems, and allow for more ecologically responsive approaches to the site.

Recommended Performance Criteria

Site selection and Design:

  1. Locate the building within ¼ mile of one or more bus lines OR a light rail/bus station, AND within ¼ mile of retail and public services.
  2. Locate project within ¼mile of restaurants and service facilities.
  3. Provide means for securing bicycles, with convenient changing/shower facilities for use by cyclists, for 5% or more of building full time equivalent (FTE) occupants OR according to local bicycle parking guidelines OR zoning requirements, whichever is more stringent.
  4. Install alternative-fuel refueling or plug-in electric vehicle charging station(s) for 3% of the total vehicle parking capacity of the site.
  5. Limit parking area by sizing parking capacity not to exceed minimum local zoning requirements, encouraging shared parking with adjacent uses, and adding no new parking for rehabilitation projects
  6. Provide preferred parking for hybrid vehicle owners, carpools or van pools capable of serving 5% of the building occupants.
  7. Locate preferred parking, bicycle parking, pick-up areas, and covered waiting spaces within close proximity of the main building entrances, with markings clearly designating these areas.

Operations Policies:

  1. Offer work pattern alternatives such as telecommuting, and teleconferencing facilities that reduce vehicle and air travel time.
  2. Set a company policy to buy carbon emission offsets for business air travel.
  3. Support mass transit riders by offering free or discounted bus or train passes for those that commit to not driving in at least 3 days per week. Make company cars (preferably alternatively fueled) readily available for daytime business travel for those who do not drive in.
  4. Manage transportation impacts: Track commuting and business travel contributions to pollution impacts and include in annual environmental reporting. Evaluate the effectiveness of transportation policies and facilities and set goals for continual improvement in travel emissions performance.

Related B3 Guidelines Documents

Supplemental Resources

  • For more information on Light Rail Transit see Metropolitan Council.
  • Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse
  • Calthorpe, Peter. The Next American Metropolis. Princeton Architectural Press, 1993.

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