Implementation in the Design Process:
Perform a transportation survey of future building occupants to identify transportation opportunities and needs. Determine in the survey the number of vehicle trips per square foot of building and equate that to the amount of CO2 produced or that could be “reduced” over a 1-year life cycle through alternative transportation methods. Monitor use.
Seek location accessible to two or more bus lines or a light rail station and within walking distance of retail and public services. Also consider sites that offer the possibility of sharing transportation facilities such as parking lots and refueling stations with neighboring developments.
In Predesign and other early design phases, include dedicated space for transportation amenities such as bicycle racks and showering/changing facilities and alternative-fuel refueling stations in the building and site program.
Through the design process, size parking capacity not to exceed minimum local zoning requirements. Add no new parking for rehabilitation projects. Provide preferred parking for carpools, vanpools, plug-in electric or hybrid vehicles. Design to encourage use by occupants with clearly marked carpool parking, pick-up areas, and covered waiting spaces within close proximity of the building entrance.
Develop specifications and drawings to support bicyclists, pedestrians, and mass transit/carpool members. Design means for securing bicycles, with convenient changing/shower facilities for use by cyclists. Ensure potentially hazardous fueling facilities are separately ventilated or located outdoors. Enhance the design hybrid/carpool/vanpool parking to encourage its use by occupants. Create and conveniently locate plug-in electric charging stations conveniently to encourage its use by occupants.